conservation biology coral reef ecology fish ecology recruitment processes

Email Tom

+61 8 9219 9769

+61 8 9334 0327
Street Address
17 Dick Perry Avenue, Technology Park, Western Precinct, Kensington WA 6151, Australia
Postal Address
Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre WA 6983, Australia


Senior Research Scientist (Monitoring) — Marine Science Program.

Tom's primary role is to coordinate and oversee the Department's marine monitoring program, which opperates throughout Western Australia's marine park network. Additionally, he is responsible for the design and implementation of fish monitoring activities within these parks and reserves.


  • Long-term monitoring design
  • Fish recruitment
  • Fish monitoring techniques
  • Marine protected area management
  • Community ecology
  • Behavioural ecology

Brief CV

Academic Qualifications

  • BSc (Hons) James Cook University, Townsville 2004
  • PhD James Cook University, Townsville, 2010

Current Academic Affiliation

  • Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia, Crawley

Positions Held

  • 2016 - Current: Senior Research Scientist (Monitoring), Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia.
  • 2008-2016: Research Scientist (Tropical), Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia.

Professional Memberships

  • International Society for Reef Studies
  • Australian Society for Fish Biology
  • Australian Coral Reef Society
  • Reef Life Survey Foundation



  • Coordination of the Department's marine monitoring program throughout Western Australia's marine park network
  • Improving predictions of rocky reef ecosystem responses to human impacts
  • Assessing the effectiveness of the Ningaloo Marine Park for conserving targeted fish communities
  • Fish and macroalgal habitat associations within the Ningaloo Marine Park
  • Long term recruitment dynamics of the Ningaloo Marine Park
  • Distribution of fish communities within deeper waters of the Ningaloo Marine Park

Publications (26)

Departmental Publications (26)

Found 26 items


Holmes T, Wilson S, Bancroft K, Shedrawi G, Rule M, Murray K, Kendrick A (2017). Ecological monitoring in the Ningaloo marine reserves 2017. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Kensington, WA. Marine Monitoring Program Report 1, 74 p.


Evans R, Holmes T, Shedrawi G (2016). Recruitment processes: a tale of survival. Landscope 32(1), pp. 47–52

Holmes TH, Wilson S, Evans R, Ayling T, Westera M, Halford A et al. (2016). Considering multiple factors in assessing the effectiveness of a large-scale marine protected area for conserving targeted fish communities (ABSTRACT). In Abstract Book: 13th International Coral Reef Symposium, 19-24 June, 2016, Honolulu, Hawai'i p. 148

Kendrick A, Wilson S, Friedman K, Waples K, Whiting S, Holmes T et al. [Rule M, Halford A] (2016). Strategic marine ecological research priorities for CALM Act marine parks and reserves 2016-2021. Conservation Science Western Australia 10, pp. 1–15

Lim IE, Wilson SK, Holmes TH, Noble MM, Fulton CJ (2016). Specialization within a shifting habitat mosaic underpins the seasonal abundance of a tropical fish. Ecosphere 7, pp. 1–13

Wilson S, Holmes T (2016). Department of Parks and Wildlife. Australian Society for Fish Biology Newsletter 46(2), pp. 66–67

Wilson SK, Depczynski M, Fulton CJ, Holmes TH, Radford BT, Tinkler P (2016). Influence of nursery habitat on the abundance of a coral reef fish (ABSTRACT). In Abstract Book: 13th International Coral Reef Symposium, 19-24 June, 2016, Honolulu, Hawai'i p. 373

Wilson SK, Depczynski M, Fulton CJ, Holmes TH, Radford BT, Tinkler P (2016). Influence of nursery microhabitats on the future abundance of a coral reef fish. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B 283, pp. 1–7


Coker DJ, Hoey AS, Wilson SK, Depczynski M, Graham NAJ, Hobbs J-PA et al. [Holmes TH] (2015). Habitat selectivity and reliance on live corals for Indo-Pacific hawkfishes (family Cirrhitidae). PLoS One 10, pp. 1–17


Ashworth EC, Depczynski M, Holmes TH, Wilson SK (2014). Quantitative diet analysis of four mesopredators from a coral reef. Journal of Fish Biology 84, pp. 1031–1045

Fulton C, Depczynski M, Radford B, Wilson S, Holmes T (2014). Seasonal cycles in Ningaloo seaweed meadows. Available at 73/2014, 2 p.

Wilson SK, Fulton CJ, Depczynski M, Holmes TH, Noble MM, Radford B et al. (2014). Seasonal changes in habitat structure underpin shifts in macroalgae-associated tropical fish communities. Marine Biology 161, pp. 2597–2607


Cvitanovic C, Wilson SK, Fulton CJ, Almany GR, Anderson P, Babcock RC et al. [Friedman KJ, Holmes TH, Kendrick AJ, Simpson C, Waples K] (2013). Critical research needs for managing coral reef marine protected areas: perspectives of academics and managers. Journal of Environmental Management 114, pp. 84–91

Depczynski M, Gilmour JP, Ridgway T, Barnes H, Heyward AJ, Holmes TH et al. [Moore JAY, Wilson SK] (2013). Bleaching, coral mortality and subsequent survivorship on a West Australian fringing reef. Coral Reefs 32, pp. 233–238

Holmes TH, Wilson SK, Travers MJ, Langlois TJ, Evans RD, Moore G et al. [Douglas RA, Shedrawi G] (2013). A comparison of visual- and stereo-video based fish community assessment methods in tropical and temperate marine waters of Western Australia. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 11, pp. 337–350


Holmes TH, Wilson SK, Vanderklift M, Babcock R, Fraser M (2012). The role of Thalassoma lunare as a predator of juvenile fish on a sub-tropical coral reef. Coral Reefs 31, pp. 1113–1123

Moore J, Bellchambers L, Depczynski M, Evans R, Evans S, Field S et al. [Friedman K, Holmes T, Middlebrook R, Shedrawi G, Taylor H, Wilson S] (2012). 2010-11 mass coral bleaching across 12º of latitude in WA. Poster presented at the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, 9-13 July, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Moore JAY, Barnes H, Evans R, Field S, Friedman K, Holmes T et al. [Middlebrook R, Shedrawi G, Wilson S] (2012). Extreme ocean warming drives coral bleaching across WA. Available at 49/2012, 2 p.

Wilson S, Holmes T, Depczynski M (2012). Habitat associations of juvenile coral reef fish. Available at 47/2012, 2 p.

Wilson SK, Babcock RC, Fisher R, Holmes TH, Moore JAY, Thomson DP (2012). Relative and combined effects of habitat and fishing on reef fish communities across a limited fishing gradient at Ningaloo. Marine Environmental Research 81, pp. 1–11


Depczynski M, Heyward A, Case M, Colquhoun J, O’Leary R, Radford B et al. [Wilson S, Holmes T] (2011). Methods of monitoring the health of benthic communities at Ningaloo: coral & fish recruitment: final report. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville. 109 p.

Holmes T, Friedman K, Bancroft K, Field S (2011). WAMMP, fish and coral surveys of the Rowley Shoals, 2011. Department of Environment and Conservation, Kensington, WA. Meta Data Report MDR_FishCoral_RSMP_201109, 59 p.

Wilson S, Holmes T (2011). Reef fish and corals: unlocking the secrets. Landscope 26(3), pp. 18–22


Stanley F, Morris K, Holmes T, Moore J (2010). Giant steps: industry and conservation make history through Gorgon. Landscope 25(4), pp. 10–16

Wilson SK, Depczynski M, Fisher R, Holmes TH, O'Leary RA, Tinkler P (2010). Habitat associations of juvenile fish at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia: the importance of coral and algae. PLoS One 5, pp. 1–8


Long SC, Holmes TH (2009). Comparative marine biodiversity of the Rowley Shoals 2007: benthic assemblages. Department of Environment and Conservation, Kensington, WA. Marine Science Program Data Report Series 7, 38 p.